- Jules Verne & Icelandic Horse
- Icelandic Pony in William Morris' Kitchen
- Icelandic Horse Books
- Icelandic Breeding Standards
- Best of Blessi Stories
- Is this trotty, pacey or clear tolt or rack
- MCOA Hereditary Eye Defect in Silver Dapples
- Bone Spavin in the Icelandic Horse
- Velkomin, Bienvenu--How to translate Blessiblog
- MtDNA Origins of the Icelandic Horse
- Icelandic Horse Twins--A Wonderful and Cautionary Tale
- Using World Fengur
Saturday, August 2, 2014
Reason Why Icelandics Remind Me of Andalusians
Around 10,000 years ago during the last Ice Age, there were four primary ancestors of modern horse breeds distributed across the world. These subspecies were:
- Central European (equus caballus mosbachensis)
- Draft (equus caballus caballus)--which Dr. Deb calls a "pony/draft"
- Afro-Turkic (equus caballus pumpelli)
- Tarpan (equus caballus ferus)
The drawings of these subspecies are derived from sketches by the German researcher Ernst Trumler who reconstructed what the appearance of these Ice Age horses from skeletons. To me, the Equus caballus caballus looks like a nice looking Icelandic.
During the Ice Age, Equus caballus caballus was native to what is now Spain, western France, Scandinavia, extreme north of Germany, and British Islands. DNA studies show that offshoots of Equus caballus caballus can be grouped into:
- northern draft group 1 (Mongolian, tuva, Fjord, Icelandic, Shetland, miniature, etc)
- northern draft group 2 (New Forest, Exmoor, Belgian, Percheron, Fell, Clydesdale, Shire, etc.
- southern draft and Hispano-American derivatives (Andalusian, Lusitano, Mangalarga Paulist, Peruvian Paso, etc.)
So Andalusians and Lusitanos are descended from the same subspecies Equus caballus caballus as Icelandics with both breeds having genetic input from different breeds based on history and breeders' desires. The Andalusians/Lusitanos are relatedm but not as closely as the average person would think, to the Arabian and AKhal Teke which are derived from the Afro-Turkic (equus caballus pumpelli) subspecies. So when I say that Icelandics remind me Andalusians what I am responding to are those draft/pony markers coming down from Equus caballus caballus.
There is an interesting connection between Icelandics and Thoroughbreds. Per Dr. Bennett's chart of "Input from History," "Horses of hobby extraction taken from Dublin, Ireland, to Iceland" (p. 58). A hobby was a small, racking or pacing horse. (Per my research for an article on Ambling Horses in the Middle Ages, Henry VIII maintained a stable of Irish and native racing hobbies.) The English thoroughbred are derived from native stock, including hobbies, with a lot of outcrossing to Arabians and some other breeds. I have to admit that TBs have never reminded me of Icelandics.
I highly recommend this article by Dr. Bennett. It makes fascinating reading.